Stanley Cricket club of Byker formed a football team in 1881 which was renamed Newcastle East End a year later. Meanwhile on the other side of Newcastle, West End Cricket club created their own football team naming it Newcastle West End in 1892. The two clubs became rivals but while East End became professional, the West End outfit suffered serious financial problems. They merged in 1892 and eventually became known as Newcastle United.
They joined the Second Division of the Football League in 1894 playing Woolwich Arsenal in their first competitive match and drawing 2-2. Promotion was achieved in 1899 and a successful period in their history enfolded.
Cups and League Titles
Newcastle won the league title three times in the 1900’s , and were losing finalists in the FA Cup before finally beating Barnsley 1-0 in 1910. There followed a barren period until 1924, when they won another FA Cup with the last of their league titles secured three years later.
Despite another FA Cup win in 1932, a steady decline in fortunes brought relegation in 1934, and top flight status was not regained until after the war. The 1950’s were the cup years with three FA Cup triumphs, the latter in1955 was the last occasion in which they won a domestic trophy.
They did win a European trophy at their first attempt beating Ujpest Dozsa 6-2 on aggregate in the old Inter Cities Fairs Cup. They have been unable to repeat this feat, and presently are trying to re-establish themselves as a Premier League force.
- First Division Championship (Level 1) (4)
1905, 1907, 1909, 1927
- Second Division Champions (Level 2) (3)
1965, 1993, 2010
- Inter Cities Fairs Cup (now Europa League) (1)
- FA Cup (6)
1910, 1924, 1932, 1951, 1952, 1955
The East End team played their matches at Stanley Street in Byker, before moving to Chillingham Road two years later. Meanwhile the West End team began life on the Newcastle Town Moor and moved to a pitch next to the Great North Road in 1885. A year later they assumed the lease of St James’ Park.
When they clubs decided to merge, St James’ Park became the home of the United club and Newcastle have remained there despite attempts to develop a 70,000 capacity ground in Leazes Park.
The ground has been completely overhauled over the years, especially in the 1990’s, and now has a capacity of 52,000
- Jackie Milburn
A legendary Tyneside figure during the 1950’s with his pace and goal scoring prowess. He scored in both the 1951 and1955 FA Cup final wins, and was nickname ‘Wor Jackie’.
- Hughie Gallagher
He scored 143 league and cup goals for the club in the 1920’s and his strike rate of 82% is a record for Newcastle. Alan Shearer
He was a signed for a world record fee of £15 million and broke the club’s goal scoring record with 206 goals. He was club captain and played 63 games for England.
- Bobby Moncur
He was a long serving defender and captain of the team which won the Inter Cities Fairs Cup in 1969. He was also a Scottish international.
- Peter Beardsley
He had two spells at Newcastle and was noted for his pace and dribbling skills. He became a crowd favourite.
- Paul Gascoigne
‘Gazza’ made his full home debut at 18 years old in 1985 against Liverpool and enthralled the crowd with his dominant display. He soon became a household name and England International.
Other Interesting Facts
- In 1992, during Kevin Keegan’s first full season as manager Newcastle won their first 11 matches before winning promotion to the Premier League.
- For his debut against Newport County in the1946, Len Shackleton scored 6 goals in a 13-0 romp.
- When legend Hughie Gallagher returned to Newcastle with Chelsea, a club record gate of 68,386 attended with thousands locked out.